As we all know, preparation is key to any successful project. The same is true for seeding a lawn or garden. One of the most important steps in preparing the soil for seeding is to soften it up. There are several ways to do this, but which one you choose will depend on the condition of your soil and how much work you want to do.
One way to soften soil is by tilling it. This involves using a machine called a tiller that breaks up the ground with rotating blades. If your soil is hard and compacted, tilling can be very effective in breaking it up and making it more receptive to seeds. However, if your soil is already loose and friable, tilling can actually damage it by causing erosion or creating clods that will block water and air from reaching the roots of plants.
Another method of softening soil is by using an organic material such as compost or manure. These materials help break down clay soils and add nutrients that help seeds germinate and grow healthy plants. They also help improve drainage so water doesn’t pool on top of the ground after rainstorms (which can drown young seedlings). Composting or manuring your garden plot before planting also helps create a hospitable environment for earthworms and other beneficial organisms that help keep pests under control naturally without resorting to chemical pesticides.
If you have time before planting, another way to soften hard soils naturally over time without doing any additional work once they’re planted would be mulching them with organic matter like straw, leaves, pine needles, etc.. A 3-inch layer should suffice; anything thicker may impede water infiltration & plant growth”